Cricket is said to originated by British in the early days of 16th century. As British East Indian Company were ruling in most part of the World during 16th century, so cricket started becoming slowly in most of the countries around World. Earlier cricket was played only by Children but during 17th century is started becoming popular among the adults also. Apart from Britain, the people of North America, West Indies and India also started playing Cricket as a source of entertainment in those days.
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NEW ZEALAND DOMESTIC
SOUTH AFRICA DOMESTIC
WEST INDIES DOMESTIC
USA vs British Empire’s Canadian Province was the 1st official and international match played between 24 and 26 September 1844 at the St George’s Cricket Club, Bloomingdale Park in New York.
There are three main Formats of Cricket: Test Cricket, ODI Cricket and T20 Cricket.
There are currently 12 major countries which play International Cricket and these teams also have the Test Status given by the ICC (International Cricket Council).
India, England, Australia, South Africa, West Indies, New Zealand, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Zimbabwe, Bangladesh, Ireland, Afghanistan.
T20 is the latest and shortest version of Cricket which started just one and half decade ago. The first T20 match was played between England’s counties Middlesex and Surrey on 15th July 2004. As its pretty much clear from the name, in T20 Cricket each team has to play 20 overs. Thats the reason why a T20 matches ends in just about 3 hours. In no times, T20 Cricket became popular everywhere in the World.
Due to big stroke hitting and less time span, T20 Cricket is now days one of the most popular form of Cricket among Cricket fans.
Major T20 Cricket tournaments are IPL, T20 World Cup, Big Bash League(BBL), Bangladesh Premier League and more. IPL is turning out to be a big craze among Cricket lovers. So far 11 seasons of IPL have been completed and 12th season of IPL is going to start from 23 March 2019.
Check here >> IPL 2019 Schedule
Now a days, in each tournament which is played between two teams, some T20 matches are also played along with Test and ODI matches.
One Day Cricket (ODI)
ODI Cricket is also known as limited over Cricket or 50-50 match as each team has to play for 50 overs in an ODI match. In ODI Cricket each bowler can bowl only 10 overs.
ODI Cricket started during 20th Century. The First ODI match was played between Australia and England on 5th January 1971 at Melbourne. In early days, player used to wear white uniform in the ODI matches and 60 overs were delivered, but as the game evolved, each Cricket playing Countries have their own Colorful uniforms with Countries Flags etc.
These days there are 50 overs in One day International matches and White ball is used. There many types of ODI tournament like Bilateral series, Tri-angular series, Asia Cup and the most popular and biggest is ICC World Cup.
Test Cricket is the oldest and longest format of Cricket. England and Australia faced each other on 15th March 1877 at Melbourne Stadium, Australia in the 1st ever Official Test match.
Test Cricket is played with red ball and most of tests are played during day time. A Test match runs for 5 days. There are 4 innings in a test match and each team plays 2 innings. Usually 90 overs are delivered every day unless weather conditions are normal. In Test matches there are no restrictions of bowling limited overs for any bowler. That means any bowler can bowl unlimited number of overs.
Although the official duration of a Test match is 5 days, but it may end before depending upon how the two teams play. For example suppose a team bats first and make 600 runs and then declare the innings. If 2nd team is not able to make at least 400 runs ( 200 less runs), then 1st team may impose Follow on 2nd team. 2nd team
bats again and still not able to make total in 600 runs in both innings, then 1st team won the match.
Major Cricket Tournaments:
Although T20 is the newest version of Cricket, but its on top in terms of popularity than other two Formats of Cricket. Some major T20 tournaments are:
|IPL (Indian Premier League)|
|ICC T20 World Cup|
|Big Bash League(BBL)|
|Bangladesh Premier League(BPL)|
|Caribbean Premier League (CPL)|
|Pakistan Super League (PSL)|
Test Cricket is usually played between Two countries, so there are only Bilateral tournaments in Tests.
Some popular Test Tournaments are:
Popular ODI Cricket Tournaments are:
|ICC World Cup|
|ICC Champions Trophy|